Most common athlete injuries
Patellofemoral pain syndrome, usually referred to as runner’s knee is a slow, achy pain that originates under your kneecap and is generally felt when running, mainly uphill, walking downstairs moving from sitting to standing position.
Many athletes will live with this and will continue to run through it. However, that is not a smart idea. If not appropriately treated, the Patellofemoral syndrome may evolve into a more severe injury that may require surgical intervention, such as a patella fracturing or fissuring.
Medium tibial stress syndrome, more commonly referred to as dreaded shin splints, causes pain on the shin’s inside surface. It happens mainly while walking, running, and pushing the foot upward or stretching it downward. Pain can occur on the shin’s inside or out.
Because shin splints are an overuse injury, you might need to stop running for a couple of weeks to rest the region. Compression and ice will also, make you feel better.
Plantar fasciitis causes sharp pain from the heel to the bottom of the foot. It’s generally a bit stiff at the start of a run, and then the pain goes away. Then it’s a bit stiff when you end. But it pains first thing in the morning. The first step out of bed is terrible at the foot. It can take 15 to 30 moves to get it warmed up and go away, and then you forget it.
Stretch and lift the heel to ensure that the underfoot muscles are excellent and stable. That takes the plantar fascia charge off. Good arch support (only an orthodontic over-the-counter) can take off some tension.
In your Achilles tendon, this form of tendon injury causes inflammation and pain, mainly while walking, running, rising on your toes, and stretching your calf muscles. It is a sharp, dull pain, generally right where the muscle is turning into the tendon.
The pain can also be more substantial in your tendon’s thickest portion. In the middle section of the Achilles tendon, you lose blood flow, and it becomes fragile. It begins to happen around your 40s.
Before the pain stops, you may need to recover from high-impact exercise. Icing up the area affected can also make you feel better. But reinforcing and relaxing the muscles at play is important here again. Sometimes it’s the hips or calves that need to be addressed, but there are also common problems with the feet.
Stress fractures occur on a continuum: “It begins with a stress reaction, where the bone is already outstripped in its ability to heal but has not yet become a fracture. In their tibia (shin bone), metatarsals (long bones in your foot), and fibula (the thinner bone next to the tibia), athletes are more likely to encounter these.
Stress fractures aren’t anything you should go through — it can make the issue worse and cause a severe fracture. Depending on the nature of the stress reaction or fracture, you can see three to six weeks off running.